Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is a scientific approach to understanding behaviour and learning. ABA involves the application of basic behavioural practices (e.g. positive reinforcement, prompting and repetition) to facilitate the development of positive behaviours and skills, language and social skills.
ABA therapy has shown to significantly improve a child’s ability to learn and reduce everyday problem behaviours for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and special needs.
Research has shown similar effectiveness for children with Asperger Syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Down Syndrome (DS), Global Developmental Delay (GDD) and related developmental delays.
ABA can be taught to individuals of all ages. However, research shows that early intervention programs that are provided at a young age foster better outcomes and can often reduce the likelihood of more severe or dangerous behaviours later in life.
ABA is a dynamic and flexible approach, which can be applied in one-on-one or group settings across various environments e.g. home, school, work and in the community.
ABA has been endorsed by the National Institutes of Health and the Association for Science in Autism Treatment in the United States, and has been identified by the Surgeon General of the United Sates as the most effective way to treat autism.
Our Special Story conducts our ABA therapy sessions in a nurturing and naturalistic way. You can expect a lot of learning through play, as well as some structure put in place to help increase your child's understanding and learning.
"Applied" in ABA means
1) Focusing on skills that are essential to that person.
2) Focusing on behaviours of social and cultural significance to that person.
3) Intervention strategies and programmes are individualised and based on the person's strengths and needs.
"Behaviour" in ABA means
1) Behaviour is anything that a person does.
2) Behaviour needs to be maintained.
3) Positive behaviours should be increased (e.g. eye contact, attending, social skills, self-regulation, etc)
4) Negative behaviours need to be reduced (e.g. tantrums, meltdowns, aggression, etc)
5) Behaviour is observable and measurable.
"Analysis" in ABA means
1) Having clear definitions of behaviours and systematic delivery of intervention.
2) Having specific intervention goals and objectives.
3) Ongoing data collection and analysis to facilitate objective decision making.
4) Having a plan for generalisation and maintenance of skills and behaviours learned.
The Approach Improves
How does ABA work?
Using of reinforcements to facilitate the acquisition of new skills
Breaking complex tasks into smaller and simpler steps to aid learning
Utilising Functional Analysis to understand the functions of behaviours to increase desirable behaviours and to decrease problem behaviours
Utilising other effective teaching techniques e.g. Discrete Trial Teaching (DTT), Verbal Behaviour (VB), Token Economy, Naturalistic Environment Teaching (NET), Pivotal Response Training (PRT), etc.
Making objective, data-driven decisions to assess, plan and revise intervention programs and goals.
Utilising Communication Temptations to improve speech, language and communication